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Immigrants and the economy in:

Kansas

The more than 210,000 immigrants living in Kansas are vitally important to the state. Not only are they tax payers and consumers, but also engineers and entrepreneurs. Of the Fortune 500 companies based in Kansas, 67 percent were founded by immigrants or their children; those firms generate $13.1 billion in annual revenue and employ more than 11,000 people globally.

  • Immigrant Residents

    213,203
  • Immigrant Share of Population

    7.3%
  • Immigrant Taxes Paid

    $1.5B
  • Immigrant Spending Power

    $4.6B
  • Immigrant Entrepreneurs

    6,411
  • Employees at Immigrant-Owned Firms

    31,102

Demographics

In the United States, immigrants are more likely to be working-age than their U.S.-born counterparts. This allows them to contribute to the U.S. economy and to entitlement programs as they work and pay taxes. This is equally true in Kansas, where immigrants are far more likely to be of working age than the U.S.-born population.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population Share Native-Born Population Share
0-15 4.8% 23.1%
16-64 86.6% 61.4%
65+ 8.6% 15.5%

Entrepreneurship

In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Such businesses also generated more than $775 billion in annual business revenue that year. Kansas is currently home to nearly 6,400 foreign-born entrepreneurs. Such business owners are creating real and meaningful economic opportunities to local, U.S.-born workers.

People employed by immigrant-owned firms 31,102
Immigrant entrepreneurs 6,411
Business income of immigrant-owned firms $112.6M
Fortune 500 companies in Kansas founded by immigrants or their children 66.7%

Taxes & Spending Power

Nationally, immigrants earned $1.4 trillion in 2016 and contributed more than $117 billion in state and local taxes, as well as almost $262 billion in federal taxes. This left them with more than $1.0 billion in spending power. Immigrants in Kansas play an important role contributing to the state’s economy both as consumers and taxpayers.

Immigrant Household Income $6.1B
Taxes Paid $1.5B
State & Local Taxes $497.4M
Federal Taxes $1B
Total Spending Power $4.6B

Workforce

Nationally, immigrants are 9.2 percent more likely to hold an advanced degree than the native-born. They are also more likely to have less than a high school education. Uniquely, this allows them to fill critical shortages at both ends of the skill spectrum, from high-tech fields to agriculture, hospitality, and service industries. This holds true in Kansas, where immigrants play a particularly large role as painters, packers, and doctors.

Educational Attainment by Nativity, Age 25+
Workforce Education Foreign-Born Population Native-Born Population
Less Than High School 35.4% 6.9%
High School & Some College 36.8% 59.6%
Bachelor's Degree 13.8% 21.5%
Graduate Degree 14.0% 12.1%
Top Industries with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers
Animal slaughtering and processing 58.7%
Construction 17.3%
Restaurants and other food services 15.8%
Computer systems design and related services 14.7%
Animal production and aquaculture 13.7%
Top Occupations with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers
Construction laborers 35.6%
Software developers, applications and systems software 33.2%
Postsecondary teachers 24.5%
Cooks 24.2%
Waiters and waitresses 16.3%

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

Between 2014 and 2024, science, technology, engineering, and math—or “STEM”—fields are projected to play a key role in U.S. economic growth, adding almost 800,000 new jobs and growing 37.0 percent faster than the U.S. economy as a whole. Immigrants are already playing a huge part ensuring that Kansas remains a leading innovator in industries like aviation and precision manufacturing.

STEM workers who are immigrants 15.7%
STEM Master’s students who are foreign nationals 31.6%
STEM PhD students who are foreign nationals 41.1%

Healthcare

In the coming years, the American healthcare industry is projected to see rapid growth—adding more new positions from 2014 to 2024 than any other industry in our economy. In Kansas, a state where more than one out of every 7 people is currently elderly, finding enough healthcare workers remains a challenge—and one that will likely worsen in the future.

Open healthcare jobs to unemployed healthcare workers 14:1
Doctors who were educated abroad 18.3%
Psychiatrists who were educated abroad 45.4%
Nurses who are foreign-born 6.1%
Health aides who are foreign-born 6.3%

Housing

Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents. In Kansas, immigrants are actively strengthening the state’s housing market.

Immigrant homeowners 53,494
Share of recent homebuyers who were foreign-born 8.3%
Housing wealth held by immigrant households $9.1B
Amount paid by immigrant-led households in rent $279M

International Students

International students in the United States contributed more than $36.9 billion to the U.S. economy in the 2016-2017 school year and supported more than 450,000 jobs through their tuition payments and day-to-day spending. Research has also found that increases in the number of international students at American universities boost innovation and patent creation. International students represent a small portion of all students in Kansas, but they make a big impact.

Students at Kansas colleges and universities who are international 6.0%
Economic contribution of international students $316.6M
Jobs supported by international students 3,222

Voting Power

In 2016, Kansas was home to almost 80,000 foreign-born residents who were eligible to vote, including an estimated 42,000 foreign-born residents who had formally registered. Those numbers are unlikely to sway a presidential election in this relatively safe Republican state, where Republican Donald Trump won by roughly 244,000 votes in 2016. Still, it can make a difference in closer statewide contests and primaries.

Immigrants eligible to vote 79,180
Immigrants registered to vote 42,803
Immigrants eligible to vote in 2020 85,398
2016 presidential election margin of victory 244,013

Undocumented Immigrants

The United States is currently home to an estimated 11.0 million undocumented immigrants, the vast majority of whom have lived in the country for more than five years. The presence of so many undocumented immigrants for such a long time presents many legal and political challenges. But while politicians continue to debate what to do about illegal immigration without any resolution, millions of undocumented immigrants are actively working across the country, and collectively, these immigrants have a large impact on the U.S. economy. This is true in Kansas, where undocumented immigrants contribute tens of millions of dollars in taxes each year.

Undocumented immigrants 75,103
Share of undocumented immigrants, working age 91.7%
Undocumented Household Income $1.4B
Taxes Paid $163M
State & Local Taxes $60M
Federal Taxes $103.1M
Total Spending Power $1.3B

The Economic Impact of Refugees

Despite leaving extreme and dangerous situations in their home countries, refugees are often able to rebound and prosper as they become more integrated into American society. Nationwide, we find that refugees hold billions of dollars in spending power and pay more than $20 billion in tax contributions to federal, state, and local governments each year. At the state level, they contribute millions of added dollars to local economies, making them an important driver of growth and prosperity for communities around the country.

Key Stats
Number of Likely Refugees 15,872
State's Share of all Likely Refugees 0.7%
Share of Overall State Population, Refugee 0.5%
Taxes & Spending Power
Refugee Household Income $519.5M
Taxes Paid $131.4M
State & Local Taxes $42.0M
Federal Taxes $89.4M
Refugee Spending Power $388.1M

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