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Between 2010 and 2014, the foreign-born population in Alaska grew by more than 9,000 people, increasing in size by 19.4 percent. In percentage terms, only two other states in the country—North Dakota and Wyoming—saw faster increases. Many of these immigrants, often emigrating from Asia, continue to have ties to their communities back home, helping to bolster trade and international business relations in this state. The immigrants living in Alaska today also make broader contributions to the workforce. They often serve as everything from chief executives to registered nurses, making them critical contributors to Alaska’s economic success overall.
In the United States, immigrants are more likely to be working-age than their U.S.-born counterparts. This allows them to contribute to the U.S. economy and to entitlement programs as they work and pay taxes. This is equally true in Alaska, where immigrants are more likely to be of working age than their native-born counterparts.
|Age Group||Foreign-Born Population Share||Native-Born Population Share|
In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Such businesses also generated more than $775 billion in annual business revenue that year. Alaska is currently home to almost 3,000 foreign-born entrepreneurs. Such business owners are creating real and meaningful economic opportunities to local, U.S.-born workers.
|People employed by immigrant-owned firms (combined with Wyoming)||15,512|
|Business income of immigrant-owned firms||$58.5M|
Nationally, immigrants earned $1.3 trillion in 2014 and contributed more than $104 billion in state and local taxes, as well as almost $224 billion in federal taxes. This left them with nearly $927 billion in spending power. Immigrants in Alaska play an important role contributing to the state’s economy, both as consumers and taxpayers.
|Immigrant Household Income||$1.8B|
|— State & Local Taxes||$60.7M|
|— Federal Taxes||$375.7M|
|Total Spending Power||$1.4B|
Nationally, immigrants are 17.2 percent more likely to hold an advanced degree than the native-born. They are also more likely to have less than a high school education. Uniquely, this allows them to fill critical shortages at both ends of the skill spectrum, from high-tech fields to agriculture, hospitality, and service industries. In Alaska, immigrants play a particularly large role as food processing workers, butchers, and cleaners. Immigrants in Alaska also make up a vast majority of the seafood industry workforce.
|Workforce Education||Foreign-Born Population||Native-Born Population|
|Less Than High School||21.3%||6.7%|
|High School & Some College||45.5%||64.7%|
|Top Industries with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers|
|Seafood and other miscellaneous foods||74.3%|
|Colleges, universities, and professional schools, including junior colleges||25.0%|
|Waste management and remediation services||18.4%|
|Child day care services||16.1%|
|Top Occupations with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers|
|Food processing workers, all other||93.8%|
|Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers||68.5%|
|Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers||48.3%|
|Maids and Housekeeping cleaners||41.2%|
|Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs||34.1%|
Between 2014 and 2024, science, technology, engineering, and math—or “STEM”—fields are projected to play a key role in U.S. economic growth, adding almost 800,000 new jobs and growing 37.0 percent faster than the U.S. economy as a whole. Immigrants are already playing a huge part ensuring that Alaska remains a leading innovator in industries like life sciences and oil and gas engineering.
|STEM workers who are immigrants||10.6%|
|STEM Master’s students who are foreign nationals||15.1%|
|STEM PhD students who are foreign nationals||28.9%|
In the coming years, the American healthcare industry is projected to see rapid growth—adding more new positions from 2014 to 2024 than any other industry in our economy. In Alaska, a state where more than one out of every 11 people is currently elderly, finding enough healthcare workers remains a challenge—and one that will likely worsen in the future.
|Open healthcare jobs to unemployed healthcare workers||26:1|
|Doctors who were educated abroad||8.9%|
|Psychiatrists who were educated abroad||20.8%|
|Nurses who are foreign-born||8.9%|
|Health aides who are foreign-born||15.2%|
Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents. In Alaska, immigrants are actively strengthening the state’s housing market.
|Share of recent homebuyers who were foreign-born||6.1%|
|Housing wealth held by immigrant households||$2.4B|
|Amount paid by immigrant-led households in rent||$9.7M|
International students in the United States contributed more than $30.5 billion to the U.S. economy in the 2014-2015 school year and supported more than 370,000 jobs through their tuition payments and day-to-day spending. Research has found that increases in the number of international students at American universities boost innovation and patent creation. International students represent a small portion of all students in Alaska, but they make a big impact.
|Students at Alaska colleges and universities who are international students||1.8%|
|Economic contribution of international students||$17.6M|
|Jobs supported by international students||162|
Nationwide, the power of immigrant voters is likely to continue to be a large factor in upcoming elections. Given their modest numbers, immigrants may not sway presidential elections in Alaska, where Mitt Romney won by roughly 42,000 votes in 2012, but their votes may make a difference in closer statewide contests and primaries in the near future.
|Immigrants eligible to vote||27,750|
|Immigrants registered to vote||17,528|
|Immigrants eligible to vote in 2020||31,841|
|2012 presidential election margin of victory||42,036|
The United States is currently home to an estimated 11.4 million undocumented immigrants, the vast majority of whom have lived in the country for more than five years. The presence of so many undocumented immigrants for such a long time presents many legal and political challenges. But while politicians continue to debate what to do about illegal immigration without any resolution, millions of undocumented immigrants are actively working across the country, and collectively, these immigrants have a large impact on the U.S. economy. This is true in Alaska, where undocumented immigrants contribute to many sectors of the economy, including the manufacturing, food, and accommodation industries.
|Share of undocumented immigrants, working age||62.0%|
|Share these facts|
|Hey @lisamurkowski, you have 2,993 immigrant entrepreneurs creating jobs in your state. #ReasonForReform|
|Hey @lisamurkowski, did you know that 69.9% of immigrants in your state are of working age? #ReasonForReform|
|Hey @SenDanSullivan, did you know there are 27,750 eligible immigrant voters in your state? #ReasonForReform|
|Hey @SenDanSullivan, did you know immigrants in your state wield $1.4B in spending power? #ReasonForReform|
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