Immigrants and the economy in:

New Hampshire
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Today, almost 80,000 immigrants call New Hampshire home. The state’s recent increase in immigrant residents has helped the state to stave off the sort of population decline—or sluggish growth—that has recently hurt other nearby states, most notably Maine and Vermont. New Hampshire’s new Americans serve as everything from computer programmers to physicians, making them important contributors to New Hampshire’s economic success overall.

  • Immigrant Residents

  • Immigrant Share of Population

  • Immigrant Taxes Paid (2014)

  • Immigrant Spending Power (2014)

  • Immigrant Entrepreneurs

  • Employees at Immigrant-Owned Firms



In the United States, immigrants are more likely to be working-age than their U.S.-born counterparts. This allows them to contribute to the U.S. economy and to entitlement programs as they work and pay taxes. As New Hampshire's slow population growth may potentially deprive businesses of customers and employers of a workforce they can depend on as more baby boomers retire, immigrants are likely to help to address some of these demographic challenges.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population Share Native-Born Population Share
0-24 14.5% 30.9%
25-64 67.1% 53.5%
65+ 18.4% 15.6%


In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Such businesses also generated more than $775 billion in annual business revenue that year. In New Hampshire, like the country as a whole, immigrants are currently punching above their weight class as entrepreneurs. Foreign-born workers currently make up 7.8 percent of all entrepreneurs in the state, despite being just 5.9 percent of New Hampshire’s population.

People employed by immigrant-owned firms 20,882
Immigrant entrepreneurs 5,508
Business income of immigrant-owned firms $81.3M

Taxes & Spending Power

Nationally, immigrants earned $1.3 trillion in 2014 and contributed more than $104 billion in state and local taxes, as well as almost $224 billion in federal taxes. This left them with nearly $927 billion in spending power. Immigrants in New Hampshire play an important role contributing to the state’s economy, both as consumers and taxpayers.

Immigrant Household Income $3.2B
Taxes Paid $769.1M
State & Local Taxes $170.6M
Federal Taxes $598.5M
Total Spending Power $2.4B


Nationally, immigrants are 17.2 percent more likely to hold an advanced degree than the native-born. They are also more likely to have less than a high school education. Uniquely, this allows them to fill critical shortages at both ends of the skill spectrum, from high-tech fields to agriculture, hospitality, and service industries. This holds true in New Hampshire, where immigrants play a particularly large role as software developers, maids, and computer programmers.

Workforce Education Foreign-Born Population Native-Born Population
Less Than High School 15.5% 6.8%
High School & Some College 44.2% 58.3%
Bachelor's Degree 20.9% 22.1%
Graduate Degree 19.4% 12.8%
Top Industries with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers
Wired telecommunications carriers  28.9%
Computer systems design and related services  20.3%
Clothing stores 16.7%
Electronic components and products n.e.c.  15.6%
Beauty salons  15.4%
Top Occupations with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers
Residential advisors 70.3%
Software developers, applications and systems software 28.5%
Maids and Housekeeping cleaners 22.2%
Computer programmers 21.7%
Billing and posting clerks 15.6%

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

Between 2014 and 2024, science, technology, engineering, and math—or “STEM”—fields are projected to play a key role in U.S. economic growth, adding almost 800,000 new jobs and growing 37.0 percent faster than the U.S. economy as a whole. Immigrants are already playing a huge part ensuring that New Hampshire remains a leading innovator in industries like computer programming and technical services.

STEM workers who are immigrants 12.7%
STEM Master’s students who are foreign nationals 20.0%
STEM PhD students who are foreign nationals 30.8%


In the coming years, the American healthcare industry is projected to see rapid growth—adding more new positions from 2014 to 2024 than any other industry in our economy. In New Hampshire, a state where nearly one out of every 7 people is currently elderly, finding enough healthcare workers remains a challenge—and one that will likely worsen in the future.

Open healthcare jobs to unemployed healthcare workers 14:1
Doctors who were educated abroad 20.1%
Psychiatrists who were educated abroad 19.9%
Nurses who are foreign-born 6.0%
Health aides who are foreign-born 7.2%


Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents. In New Hampshire, immigrants are actively strengthening the state’s housing market.

Immigrant homeowners 19,896
Share of recent homebuyers who were foreign-born 7.0%
Housing wealth held by immigrant households $6.2B
Amount paid by immigrant-led households in rent $16.1M

International Students

International students in the United States contributed more than $30.5 billion to the U.S. economy in the 2014-2015 school year and supported more than 370,000 jobs through their tuition payments and day-to-day spending. Research has found that increases in the number of international students at American universities boost innovation and patent creation. International students represent a small portion of all students in New Hampshire, but they make a big impact.

Students at New Hampshire colleges and universities who are international 3.1%
Economic contribution of international students $117.2M
Jobs supported by international students 1,464

Voting Power

In 2014, New Hampshire was home to roughly 39,000 foreign-born residents who were eligible to vote, including an estimated 27,000 foreign-born residents who had formally registered. Those numbers are particularly meaningful, given the narrow margins of victory that have decided elections in the state in recent years. In 2012, President Barack Obama won New Hampshire by less than 40,000 votes.

Immigrants eligible to vote 38,460
Immigrants registered to vote 27,140
Immigrants eligible to vote in 2020 44,407
2012 presidential election margin of victory 39,643

Undocumented Immigrants

The United States is currently home to an estimated 11.4 million undocumented immigrants, the vast majority of whom have lived in the country for more than five years. The presence of so many undocumented immigrants for such a long time presents many legal and political challenges. But while politicians continue to debate what to do about illegal immigration without any resolution, millions of undocumented immigrants are actively working across the country, and collectively, these immigrants have a large impact on the U.S. economy. This is true in New Hampshire, where undocumented immigrants contribute millions of dollars in taxes each year.

Undocumented immigrants 15,685
Share of undocumented immigrants, working age 75.5%
Undocumented entrepreneurs 693
Undocumented Household Income $195.6M
Taxes Paid $20.4M
State & Local Taxes $6.2M
Federal Taxes $14.3M
Total Spending Power $175.1M

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