An Immigrant from Mexico Makes a Big Impact through Nanofiber Technology

Karen Lozano, the first Mexican national to earn an engineering PhD from Rice University, invented a spinning technology while working at UT-Pan American that could manufacture nanofibers 900 times faster than technologies currently on the market. That technology eventually was incorporated into FibeRio Technology Corporation, a firm that’s helping to revitalize the Rio Grande Valley and make it attractive to high-tech textile firms.

In some parts of Texas, immigrant inventors and startup founders are helping to revitalize areas hard hit by unemployment. One prime example: McAllen, Texas, a city in the Rio Grande Valley, where one promising nanotechnology startup that originated at the University of Texas-Pan American is already being heralded as a potential magnet for other, high-tech manufacturers to the region. The firm, FibeRio Technology, is based on a technology invented by Karen Lozano, a mechanical engineering professor who immigrated to the US in the 1990s to attend Rice University, where she was the first Mexican-born student to earn a PhD there in an engineering field. Raised in a family where her mother, a seamstress, left school after the sixth grade, and started working as a secretary at the age of 14, and her father worked at a company for 30 years and after being laid off, he worked long hours delivering vegetables to restaurants, Lozano says she was taught the value of education and hard work at an early age. She also learned responsibility: All throughout graduate school, Lozano sent home $400 to her parents each month, a hefty portion of the $1,000 monthly stipend she received from her university.

When Lozano became a professor at University of Texas-Pan American in 2000, she focused her considerable intellect on a new challenge. For years Lozano and her colleagues had been frustrated by the painfully slow process of making the miniscule nanofibers they worked with in the lab – as well as all the unhealthy chemical solvents that went into producing them. So in 2006, she and another foreign-born colleague developed a greener, more cost-effective solution: A machine that used the spinning motion of a centrifuge to manufacture nanofibers more than 900 times faster than the solutions then on the market. Ellery Buchanan, FibeRio’s CEO, says Lozano’s fibers have a wealth of consumer applications. Nanofibers can be used to make thinner, more absorbent diapers or to give textiles added insulation. They can also strengthen medical sutures and enable air filters to capture ever-tinier particles. “We believe our company could transform the materials industry,” Buchanan says, “through the unlimited availability of nanofibers.”

Lozano, who works as the Chief Technology Officer for the company, says seeing the start-up she helped build still amazes her.  “I go to the company every Friday,” Lozano says, “and every Friday I see a new face.” Indeed, the company is growing rapidly. Fiberio has already shipped its machines to firms in America, Australia, Japan, and Europe. And although the firm employs more than 30 people now, it’s planning to expand to 250 within the next five years. Lozano says contributing to job growth in a Texas city just two and a half hours from her native Monterrey, Mexico, has also been particularly rewarding. “I used to come to Texas often as a kid, and I admired the US so much,” Lozano says, “Sometimes my life now feels like a dream.”

Learn more about the contributions of immigrant inventors in the Partnership’s report, Patent Pending: How Immigrants Are Reinventing the American Economy.

About NAE

New American Economy is a bipartisan research and advocacy organization fighting for smart federal, state, and local immigration policies that help grow our economy and create jobs for all Americans. More…