Immigrants and the economy in:

Vermont
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  • Immigrant Residents

    30,079
  • Immigrant Share of Population

    4.8%
  • Immigrant Taxes Paid

    $283.1M
  • Immigrant Spending Power

    $608.4M
  • Immigrant Entrepreneurs

  • Employees at Immigrant-Owned Firms (Combined with Rhode Island)

    10,763

Demographics

In the United States, immigrants are more likely to be working-age than their U.S.-born counterparts. This means they are more likely to be active in the labor force, allowing them to contribute to the economy not only as consumers but also as taxpayers, helping fund social services and programs like Medicare and Social Security.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population Share U.S.-Born Population Share
0-15 7.7% 16.0%
16-64 68.6% 64.6%
65+ 23.7% 19.4%

Entrepreneurship

It is hard to overstate the importance of entrepreneurship since new businesses are the main driver of job growth in the United States. Immigrants play a particularly important role in this—founding businesses at far higher rates than the U.S. population overall. Today, millions of American workers are employed at immigrant-founded and immigrant-owned companies.

People employed by immigrant-owned firms (combined with Rhode Island) 10,763
Total sales of immigrant-owned firms $1.8B

Taxes & Spending Power

Immigrant households contribute hundreds of billions of dollars in federal income, state, and local taxes nationwide and hold a tremendous amount of spending power. This gives them significant economic clout, helping support local communities as consumers and taxpayers. Like all residents in the United States regardless of where they were born, immigrants make use of public services like education, healthcare, and public safety. Even with these costs, however, immigrants’ economic contributions far outweigh the extra cost of additional public services they incur.

Immigrant Household Income $891.4M
Taxes Paid $283.1M
State & Local Taxes $88.9M
Federal Taxes $194.2M
Total Spending Power $608.4M

Workforce

The growth in the immigrant population has helped to strengthen America’s labor force. As baby boomers retire, younger immigrants are filling crucial gaps in the market. Nationally, immigrants are more likely to hold an advanced degree than the U.S.-born. They are also more likely to have less than a high school education. Uniquely, this allows them to fill critical shortages at both ends of the skill spectrum, from high-tech fields to agriculture, hospitality, and service industries.

Educational Attainment by Nativity, Age 25+
Workforce Education Foreign-Born Population U.S.-Born Population
Less Than High School 12.1% 6.3%
High School & Some College 39.3% 55.1%
Bachelor's Degree 24.0% 23.4%
Graduate Degree 24.6% 15.2%
Top Industries with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers
Colleges, universities, and professional schools, including junior colleges 11.7%

Housing

Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents.

Immigrant homeowners 5,002
Housing wealth held by immigrant households $1.7B

International Students

International students in the United States contribute tens of billions of dollars to the U.S. economy every year and support a significant number of U.S. jobs through their tuition payments and day-to-day spending. Research has also found that increases in the number of international students at American universities boost innovation and patent creation.

Students at Vermont colleges and universities who are international students 1,692
Economic contribution of international students $80.6M
Jobs supported by international students 777

Voting Power

As more immigrants naturalize and become eligible to vote, they continue to gain power at the voting booth. The number of immigrant voters is only projected to rise in the next decade, but already in some states, foreign-born voters are already capable of deciding elections.

Immigrants eligible to vote 15,636

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About NAE

New American Economy is a bipartisan research and advocacy organization fighting for smart federal, state, and local immigration policies that help grow our economy and create jobs for all Americans. More…