Illinois is home to nearly 1.8 million immigrants, the sixth-largest population of foreign-born residents of any state in the country. These new Americans serve as everything from software developers to metalworkers, making them critical contributors to the state’s economic success overall. While immigrants account for nearly 14 percent of the state’s population, they make up 22 percent of its entrepreneurs. In 2014, their businesses generated $2.6 billion in business income for the state.
In the United States, immigrants are more likely to be working-age than their U.S.-born counterparts. This allows them to contribute to the U.S. economy and to entitlement programs as they work and pay taxes. This is equally true in Illinois, where immigrants are far more likely to be of working age than the U.S.-born population.
|Age Group||Foreign-Born Population Share||Native-Born Population Share|
In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Such businesses also generated more than $775 billion in annual business revenue that year. In Illinois, like the country as a whole, immigrants are currently punching far above their weight class as entrepreneurs. Foreign-born workers currently make up 22.1 percent of all entrepreneurs in the state, despite accounting for 13.7 percent of Illinois’s population.
|People employed by immigrant-owned firms||281,090|
|Business income of immigrant-owned firms||$2.6B|
|Fortune 500 companies in Illinois founded by immigrants or their children||56.3%|
Nationally, immigrants earned $1.3 trillion in 2014 and contributed more than $104 billion in state and local taxes, as well as almost $224 billion in federal taxes. This left them with nearly $927 billion in spending power. Immigrants in Illinois play an important role contributing to the state’s economy, both as consumers and taxpayers.
|Immigrant Household Income||$55.0B|
|— State & Local Taxes||$5.2B|
|— Federal Taxes||$9.8B|
|Total Spending Power||$40.1B|
Nationally, immigrants are 17.2 percent more likely to hold an advanced degree than the native-born. They are also more likely to have less than a high school education. Uniquely, this allows them to fill critical shortages at both ends of the skill spectrum, from high-tech fields to agriculture, hospitality, and service industries. This holds true in Illinois, where immigrants play a particularly large role as packers, metal workers, and software developers.
|Workforce Education||Foreign-Born Population||Native-Born Population|
|Less Than High School||27.0%||8.2%|
|High School & Some College||42.8%||58.2%|
|Top Industries with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers|
|Services to buildings and dwellings||41.8%|
|Not specified industries||35.1%|
|Top Occupations with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers|
|Packers and Packagers, hand||50.9%|
|Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers, including milling and planing machine setters, multiple machine tool setters, and lay-out workers||46.9%|
|Maids and Housekeeping cleaners||43.0%|
|Software developers, applications and systems software||37.7%|
|Miscellaneous food preparation and serving-related workers, including dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers||34.8%|
Between 2014 and 2024, science, technology, engineering, and math—or “STEM”—fields are projected to play a key role in U.S. economic growth, adding almost 800,000 new jobs and growing 37.0 percent faster than the U.S. economy as a whole. Immigrants are already playing a huge part ensuring that Illinois remains a leading innovator in industries like pharmaceuticals and mathematics.
|STEM workers who are immigrants||23.1%|
|STEM Master’s students who are foreign nationals||32.6%|
|STEM PhD students who are foreign nationals||34.6%|
In the coming years, the American healthcare industry is projected to see rapid growth—adding more new positions from 2014 to 2024 than any other industry in our economy. In Illinois, a state where more than one out of every 7 people is currently elderly, finding enough healthcare workers remains a challenge—and one that will likely worsen in the future.
|Open healthcare jobs to unemployed healthcare workers||5:1|
|Doctors who were educated abroad||31.7%|
|Psychiatrists who were educated abroad||37.4%|
|Nurses who are foreign-born||17.0%|
|Health aides who are foreign-born||15.2%|
Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents. In Illinois, immigrants are actively strengthening the state’s housing market.
|Share of recent homebuyers who were foreign-born||15.5%|
|Housing wealth held by immigrant households||$110.4B|
|Amount paid by immigrant-led households in rent||$300.2M|
International students in the United States contributed more than $30.5 billion to the U.S. economy in the 2014-2015 school year and supported more than 370,000 jobs through their tuition payments and day-to-day spending. Research has found that increases in the number of international students at American universities boosts innovation and patent creation. International students represent a small portion of all students in Illinois, but they make a big impact.
|Students at Illinois colleges and universities who are international||5.0%|
|Economic contribution of international students||$1.2B|
|Jobs supported by international students||17,127|
In 2014, Illinois was home to almost 870,000 foreign-born residents who were eligible to vote, including an estimated 472,000 foreign-born residents who had formally registered. Those numbers are unlikely to sway a presidential election in this relatively safe Democratic state, where President Barack Obama won by roughly 884,000 votes in 2012. Still, it can make a difference in closer statewide contests and primaries. "
|Immigrants eligible to vote||869,027|
|Immigrants registered to vote||471,514|
|Immigrants eligible to vote in 2020||942,073|
|2012 presidential election margin of victory||884,296|
The United States is currently home to an estimated 11.4 million undocumented immigrants, the vast majority of whom have lived in the country for more than five years. The presence of so many undocumented immigrants for such a long time presents many legal and political challenges. But while politicians continue to debate what to do about illegal immigration without any resolution, millions of undocumented immigrants are actively working across the country, and collectively, these immigrants have a large impact on the U.S. economy. This is true in Illinois, where undocumented immigrants contribute hundreds of millions of dollars in taxes each year.
|Share of undocumented immigrants, working age||88.5%|
|Undocumented Household Income||$7.9B|
|— State & Local Taxes||$400.2M|
|— Federal Taxes||$577.0M|
|Total Spending Power||$6.9B|
|Share these facts|
|Hey @SenatorDurbin, you have 113,939 immigrant entrepreneurs creating jobs in your state. #ReasonForReform|
|Hey @SenatorDurbin, did you know that 74.9% of immigrants in your state are of working age? #ReasonForReform|
|Hey @SenDuckworth, did you know there are 869,027 eligible immigrant voters in your state? #ReasonForReform|
|Hey @SenDuckworth, did you know immigrants in your state wield $40.1B in spending power? #ReasonForReform|
New American Economy brings together more than 500 mayors and business leaders who support immigration reforms that will help create jobs for Americans today. More…
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