The NAE Cities Index is the first-ever comprehensive, interactive look at how the nation’s largest 100 cities welcome immigrants.
Explore the Cities Index

Immigrants and the economy in:

El Paso Metro Area

  • Immigrant Residents

    211,675
  • Immigrant Share of Population

    25.3%
  • Immigrant Taxes Paid (2016)

    $971.2M
  • Immigrant Spending Power (2016)

    $3.4B
  • Immigrant Entrepreneurs

    13,098

Demographics

Similar to the United States as a whole, immigrants in most cities are more likely to be of working age—defined as being between the ages of 25 and 64—than the native-born population. This allows them to contribute to U.S. entitlement programs and also assume roles helping seniors as they age.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population Share Native-Born Population Share
0-15 3.0% 32.6%
16-64 75.0% 59.7%
65+ 21.9% 7.6%

Workforce

Nationally, immigrants are 17.2 percent more likely to hold a graduate degree than natives. They are also more likely to have less than a bachelor’s degree. This allows immigrants to fill positions at the high and low ends of the skill spectrum. Without immigrants, these positions might remain unfilled, hurting local businesses and leading employers to relocate elsewhere. Here, we show the educational attainment of immigrants in this metro area and the five industries where they make up the largest share of workers.

Workforce Education Foreign-Born Population Native-Born Population
Less Than High School 44.7% 11.3%
High School & Some College 40.7% 63.1%
Bachelor's Degree 10.1% 17.5%
Graduate Degree 4.6% 8.2%
66.8% Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting
49.3% Construction
47.8% Manufacturing
45.1% General Services
37.5% Mining, Oil and Gas Extraction

Voting Power

Nationally, there are more than 20 million immigrants that are eligible to vote—a group that could have a particularly important role in coming election cycles, given the narrow margins of victory that have decided presidential elections in recent years.

Eligible Immigrant Voters, 2016 88,815

Home Ownership

Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize local communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents.

Number of Homes Owned by Immigrants, 2016 59,796

Taxes & Spending Power

Nationally, immigrants contribute hundreds of billions of dollars in federal income taxes as well as state and local taxes. After paying taxes, immigrants still have significant economic clout, to the sum of nearly $1 trillion in spending power. Immigrants play an important role contributing to local economies both as consumers and taxpayers.

Immigrant Household Income $4.4B
Taxes Paid $971.2M
State & Local Taxes $359.6M
Federal Taxes $611.5M
Total Spending Power $3.4B

Entrepreneurship

Immigrants nationally are 28 percent more likely to be entrepreneurs than natives. In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Immigrants similarly play an important role as entrepreneurs in this metro area.

How many immigrant entrepreneurs reside in this metro area? 13,098
How much more likely are immigrant residents to be entrepreneurs than native-born residents? 115.4%

About NAE

New American Economy is a bipartisan research and advocacy organization fighting for smart federal, state, and local immigration policies that help grow our economy and create jobs for all Americans. More…