Immigrants and the economy in:

Toledo Metro Area

  • Immigrant Residents

  • Immigrant Share of Population

  • Immigrant Taxes Paid (2014)

  • Immigrant Spending Power (2014)

  • Immigrant Entrepreneurs



Similar to the United States as a whole, immigrants in most cities are more likely to be of working age—defined as being between the ages of 25 and 64—than the native-born population. This allows them to contribute to U.S. entitlement programs and also assume roles helping seniors as they age.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population Share Native-Born Population Share
0-24 17.9% 35.4%
25-64 67.2% 50.8%
65+ 14.9% 13.8%

Population Growth in the Great Lakes Region

Immigrants accounted for half of population growth in the Great Lakes region between 2000 and 2015. In nine of the top 25 metros in the region, immigrants offset population decline. Learn more in our report, New Americans and a New Direction: The Role of Immigrants in Reviving the Great Lakes Region.

Percentage Change in Toledo MSA Population Size, 2000-2015
U.S.-born -2.3%
Foreign-born 10.2%
Total -2.0%


Nationally, immigrants are 17.2 percent more likely to hold a graduate degree than natives. They are also more likely to have less than a bachelor’s degree. This lets them assume positions at the high and low ends of the workforce that might otherwise remain unfilled, hurting local businesses or leading employers to relocate elsewhere. Here, we show the educational attainment of immigrants in this metro area and the five industries where they make up the largest share of workers.

Our research on the Great Lakes region also revealed that Toledo saw a 26.4% increase in U.S.-born working-class employment in manufacturing from 2000-2015. This increase took place in part because immigrants fill the higher skilled jobs that allow companies to stay local, as opposed to moving offshore.

Workforce Education Foreign-Born Population Native-Born Population
Less Than High School 18.6% 10.2%
High School & Some College 37.3% 66.0%
Bachelor's Degree 17.1% 14.8%
Graduate Degree 27.0% 9.0%
Top Five Industries by Share of Immigrant Workers
17.7% Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting
13.4% Management of Companies and Enterprises
7.6% Real Estate
7.3% Educational Services
4.9% Retail Trade

Voting Power

Nationally, 19.1 million immigrants were eligible to vote in 2014—a group that could have a particularly important role in coming election cycles, given the narrow margins of victory that have decided presidential elections in recent years.

Eligible Immigrant Voters, 2014 19,815

Home Ownership

Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize local communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents.

Number of Homes Owned by Immigrants, 2014 5,622

Taxes & Spending Power

Nationally, immigrants earned $1.3 trillion in 2014 and contributed $105 billion in state and local taxes and almost $224 billion in federal taxes. This left them with nearly $927 billion in spending power. Immigrants play an important role contributing to local economies both as consumers and taxpayers.

Immigrant Household Income $653.2M
Taxes Paid $181.0M
State & Local Taxes $55.6M
Federal Taxes $125.4M
Total Spending Power $472.2M


Immigrants nationally are 28 percent more likely to be entrepreneurs than natives. In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Immigrants similarly play an important role as entrepreneurs in this metro area.

How many immigrant entrepreneurs reside in this metro area? 1,508
How much more likely are immigrant residents to be entrepreneurs than native-born residents? 75.9%

About Us

New American Economy brings together more than 500 mayors and business leaders who support immigration reforms that will help create jobs for Americans today. More…