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Immigrants and the economy in:

Texas District 19

  • Immigrant Residents

  • Immigrant Share of Population

  • Immigrant Taxes Paid

  • Immigrant Spending Power

  • Immigrant Entrepreneurs

  • Immigrant Share Ranking

    242 of 435
  • Data Year



Similar to the United States as a whole, immigrants in most districts are more likely to be of working age—defined as being between the ages of 25 and 64—than the native-born population. This allows them to contribute to U.S. entitlement programs and also assume roles helping seniors as they age.

Age Group Foreign-Born Population Share U.S.-Born Population Share
0-24 19.2% 40.3%
25-64 71.3% 46.1%
65+ 9.7% 13.7%


Nationally, immigrants are 17.2 percent more likely to hold a graduate degree than natives. They are also more likely to have less than a bachelor’s degree. This lets them assume positions at the high and low ends of the workforce that might otherwise remain unfilled, hurting local businesses or leading employers to relocate elsewhere. Here, we show the educational attainment of immigrants in this district and the five industries where they make up the largest share of workers.

Educational Attainment by Nativity, Age 25+
Workforce Education Foreign-Born Population U.S.-Born Population
Less Than High School 49.6% 14.9%
High School & Some College 34.4% 62.6%
Bachelor's Degree 7.9% 15.1%
Graduate Degree 8.1% 7.4%
Top Industries with Highest Share of Foreign-Born Workers
Agriculture 19.0%
Construction 17.1%
Manufacturing 12.5%
General Services 11.8%
Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services 10.2%

Voting Power

Nationally, 19.1 million immigrants were eligible to vote in 2014—a group that could have a particularly important role in coming election cycles, given the narrow margins of victory that have decided presidential elections in recent years.

Eligible Immigrant Voters Registered Immigrant Voters
17,558 9,634

Home Ownership

Immigrant families have long played an important role helping to build housing wealth in the United States. In recent decades, the more than 40 million immigrants collectively in the country increased U.S. housing wealth by $3.7 trillion. Much of this was possible because immigrants moved into neighborhoods once in decline, helping to revitalize local communities and make them more attractive to U.S.-born residents.

Number of Homes Owned by Immigrants

Taxes & Spending Power

Nationally, immigrants earned $1.3 trillion in 2014 and contributed $105 billion in state and local taxes and almost $224 billion in federal taxes. This left them with nearly $927 billion in spending power. Immigrants play an important role contributing to local economies both as consumers and taxpayers.

Immigrant Household Income $1.4B
Taxes Paid $328.0M
State & Local Taxes $97.9M
Federal Taxes $230.1M
Total Spending Power $1.0B


Immigrants nationally are 28 percent more likely to be entrepreneurs than natives. In 2010, roughly one in 10 American workers with jobs at private firms were employed at immigrant-founded companies. Immigrants similarly play an important role as entrepreneurs in this district.

How many immigrant entrepreneurs reside in this district? 2,157
How much more likely are immigrant residents to be entrepreneurs than U.S.-born residents? 7.4%

About NAE

New American Economy is a bipartisan research and advocacy organization fighting for smart federal, state, and local immigration policies that help grow our economy and create jobs for all Americans. More…